Kinetic Mmodeling of Heavy Metal Removal from Aqueous Solution by Biofilm Reactor with Animated Bed

Document Type: Research Paper


دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران.


  -Nies, D. H., (1999) “Microbial heavy Metal resistance”, Appl Microbial Biotechnol, 51 (6), 730 - 750.


- Nouha, K., Kumar, R. S., Tyagi, R. D., (2016) “Heavy metals removal from wastewater using extracellular polymeric substances produced by Cloacibacterium normanense in wastewater sludge supplemented with crude glycerol and study of extracellular polymeric substances extraction by different methods”, Bioresource Technology, 212, 120-129.


- Shoukati Pour Sani, A., Shariat, S. M., Jafarzadeh Haghighifard, N. E., Nabizadeh Noudehi, R., (2008) “Elimination Of heavy metal from waste water by reusing the waste”, Case study (cadmium salts by used spent soils that used in vegetable oil industries), Journal of Environmental Science & Technology,; 10 (1), 41-46.


- Padervand, M., Gholami, M. R., (2013) “Removal of toxic heavy metal ions from waste water by functionalized magnetic core - zeolitic shell nanocomposites as adsorbents”, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20 (6), 3900-3909.


- Shahmohammadi Heydari, Z., Moazed, H., Jafarzadeh Haghighifard, N. E., Haghighat Jou, P., (2008) “Removal of low concentrations of cadmium from water using improved rice husk”, Water and Wastewater, 19 (3), 27-33.


- Malik, A., (2004) “Metal Bioremediation through gowing cells”, Environment International, 30,    261-278.


- Barwal, A., Chaudhary, R., (2014) “To study the performance of Biocarriers in moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) technology and kinetics of biofilm for retrofitting the existing aerobic treatment systems: a review”, Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology,; 13, 285-299.


- Ødegaard, H., (2004) “Innovations in wastewater treatment: The moving bed biofilm process”, Water Science and Technology, 53(9), 17-33.


- Rusten, B., Eikebrokk, B., Ulgenes, Y., Lygren, E., (2006) “Design and operation of the kaldnes moving bed biofilm reactors”, Aquacultural Engineering, 3, 4322-4331.


- Hosseini, S. H., Borghei, S. M., (2005) “The

Treatment of phenolic wastewater using a moving bed bio-reactor”, Process Biochem, 40, 1027-1031.


- Lei, G., Ren, H., Ding, L., Wang, F., Zhang, X., (2010) “A full scale biological treatment system application in the treated wastewater of pharmaceutical industrial park”, Bioresour, Technol, 101(15), 5852-5861.


- Rusten, B., McCoy, M., Proctor, R., Siljudalen, J. G., (1998) “The innovative moving bed biofilm reactor/solids contact reaeration process for secondary treatment of municipal wastewater”, Water Environment Federation, 70 (5), 1083-1089.


- Su, J. F., Luo, X. X., Wei, L., Ma, F., Zheng, S. C., Shao, S. C., (2016) “Performance and microbial communities of Mn (II) -based autotrophic denitrification in a Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR)”, Bioresource Technology, 211, 743-750.


- Jahren, S. J., Rintala, J. A., Odegaard, H.,  (2002) “Aerobic moving bed biofilm reactor treating thermo mechanical pulping whitewater under thermophilic conditions”, Journal of Water Research, 36 (4), 1067-1075.


- Andreottola, G., Foladori, P., Ragazzi, M., (2002) “wastewater treatment in a moving bed biofilm reactor”, Journal of Water Science and Technology, 45 (2), 321-328.


- Zinatizadeh, A. A. L., Ghaytooli, E., (2015) “Simultaneous nitrogen and carbon removal from wastewater at different operating conditions in a moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR): Process modeling and optimization”, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 53, 98-111.


- Zafarzadeh, A., Bina, B., Nikaeen, M., Movahedian Attar, H., Hajian Nejad, M., Kaldnes (k1) (2013) “Moving bed Biofilm Reactors Performance for Organic and Nitrogen Compounds Removal from Wastewater with Iimited Dissolved Oxygen”, TB, 11(3), 91-102.


- Dulkadiroglu, H., Cokgor, E. U., Artan, N., Orhon, D., (2005) “The effect of temperature and sludge age on COD removal and nitrification in a moving bed sequencing batch biofilm reactor, Water Science & Technology”, 51(11), 95-103.


- Hem, L. J., Rusten, B., Ødegaard, H., (1994) “Nitrification in a moving bed biofilm reactor”, Water Research, 28 (6), 1425-1433.

- Greenberg, A., (1998) “Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater”, 16th Ed, New York, USA: American Public Health Association.


- Ahmadi, E., Gholami, M., Farzadkia, M., Nabizadeh, R., Azari, A., (2015) “Study of moving bed biofilm reactor in diethyl phthalate and diallyl phthalate removal from synthetic wastewater”, Bioresource Technology, 183, 129-135.


- Faridnasr, M., Ghanbari, B., Sassani, A., (2016) “Optimization of the Moving-bed Biofilm Sequencing Batch Reactor (MBSBR) to control aeration time by kinetic computational modeling: simulated sugarindustry wastewater treatment”, Bioresource Technology, 208, 149-160.


- Borghei, S. M., Sharbatmaleki, M., Pourrezaei, P., Borghei, G., (2008) “Kinetics of organic removal in fixed-bed aerobic biological reactor”, Bioresource Technology, 99, 1118-1124.


- Sharbatmaleki, M. A., Borghei, S. M., (2006) “Performance of pumice stone as a packing in fixed-bed aerobic bioreactor”, Journal of Water and Wastewater, 56, 62-71.


- Delnavaz, M., Ayati, B., Ganjidoust, H., (2009) “Treatment of wastewater containing Anilin using a moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR)”, Journal of Water and Wastewater, 68, 9-18.


- Grau, P., Dohanyas, M., Chudoba, J., (1975) “Kinetic of Multicomponent Substrate Removal by Activated Sludge, Water Research”, 9 (7), 637-642.


- Hooshyari, B., Azimi, A., Mehrdadi, N., Kinetic (2009) “analysis of enhanced biological phosphorus removal in a hybrid integrated fixed film activated sludge process”, International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology, 6 (1), 149-158.


- Kincannon Don, F., Stover Enos, L., Design (1982) “methodology for fixed film reactor- RBC>s and biological towers”, Journal Civil Eng for Practicing and Design Eng, 2, 107-124.


- Khodabakhshi, A., kamali, M., Amin, M. M., Sedehi, M., Hadialijanvand, M., Vahid Dastjerdi, M. V., (2015) “Lead removal from battery industry synthetic wastewater by nano maghemite, HEALTH SYSTEM RESEARCH”, 11(1),         132-142.

- Dixit, R., Malaviya, D., Pandiyan, K., Singh, U. B., Sahu, A., Shukla, R., (2015) “Bioremediation of heavy metals from soil and aquatic environment: An overview of principles and criteria of fundamental processes”, Sustainability, 7 (2), 2189-2212.


- Lefebvre, D. D., Edwards, C., (2009) “Decontaminating heavy metals using photosynthetic microbes”, Emerging Environmental Technologies, 2, 57-73.


- Rajkumar, M., Ae, N., Prasad, M.N.V., Freitas, H., (2010) “Potential of siderophore- producing bacteria for improving heavy metal phytoextraction, Trends in Biotechnology”, 28 (3), 142-149.


- Mohseni, M., Khosravi, F., Mohadjerani, M.







































Chaichi, M. J., (2014) “Biosorption of Lead and Copper by Heavy Metal Resistance Bacterium using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer (FT-IR)”, MLJ, 8(3), 30-39.


- Roane, T. M., Lead (1999) “resistance in two bacterial isolates from heavy metalcontaminated soils, Microbial ecology”, 37(3), 218-224.


- Amoozegar, M. A., Ghazanfari, N., Didari, M., (2012) “Lead and cadmium bioremediation by Halomonas sp., an exopolysacchaide- producing Halophilic Bacterium”, Progress in Biological Sciences, 2 (1), 1-11.


- Noori, R., Ayati, B., Ganjidoust, H., (2008) “Investigation of Surfactant Removal Using Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR)”, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, 5 (4), 123-134.