تالاب های مصنوعی، گزینه ای زیست محیطی برای تصفیه فاضلاب

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 دانشیار دانشگاه بیرجند

2 کارشناس ارشد

Abstract

تالاب مصنوعی سیستمی طبیعی در تصفیه فاضلاب می باشد که با توجه به سادگی ساخت و راهبری، سازگاری با محیط زیست و بازدهی بالا، در سال های اخیر مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. در این مطالعه با توجه به تحقیقات انجام شده، انواع تالاب مصنوعی از لحاظ عوامل اقلیمی، هیدرولیکی و گیاهان مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. عملکرد مناسب انواع تالاب مصنوعی در تصفیه منابع مختلف فاضلاب از قبیل شهری، صنعتی، کشاورزی و شیرابه لندفیل، در کنار امکان انتخاب سیستم متناسب با منطقه مورد نظر، تالاب مصنوعی را سیستمی انعطاف پذیر قرار داده است. با توجه  به وابستگی کم به منابع انرژی و صرفه اقتصادی، تالاب مصنوعی گزینه ای جذاب برای متخصصین محیط زیست و دولت ها در بحث تصفیه فاضلاب می باشد. کمیت و کیفیت فاضلاب، اقلیم منطقه و میزان تصفیه مورد نظر از عواملی است که در انتخاب نوع سیستم و طراحی آن باید در نظر گرفته شود.

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