Determination of pollution rate in wetland using hydraulic model

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D., College of Environment, Karaj- Iran.

2 Associated Professor, Collage of Environment, Karaj, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Collage of Environment, Karaj, Iran.

Abstract

This article discusses possibility of preparation and prediction of zoning map for the seasons and changes of spatio-temporal distribution of water quality parameters including nutrients using 2D equations of shallow water and their numerical solution and the technique to use the best interpolation method. Based on the research, the velocity of water hydraulic flow can be determined and their impacts on water quality parameters can be studied. The idea of using the 2D flow correction analysis in wetlands using 1D (laboratory data) accurate values is other major results of the research that leads to reduction of fluctuation in results and achieving better convergence in solving the obtained equations. In addition to the comparison of the modeling results and valid results, correlation coefficient and MAE are used for model verification. An appropriate compatibility is observed among the results, as there is a 6-7% correlation among the study parameters. The results obtained from simulation the numerical model and the author-developed software prove that the average annual concentration of nitrate and phosphate in Anzali wetland in 2030 will respectively be about (10.7%) and (15.2%) higher than the present values and the average relative DO will decrease about (14.8%).

Keywords


Al-Badaii, F., Othman, M. S. & Gasim, M. B. (2013). Water quality assessment of the semenyih river, selangor, Malaysia., Journal of Chemical, 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/871056
Aliverdi, A. R. & Eslami, H. (2014). Modeling quality parameters nitrate and ammonia in the river between the bridge Elhayi using software WASP6. The first national conference on architecture, civil engineering and urban environment, Hamedan, Community environmental assessment hegmataneh. Available from http://www.civilica.com/Paper-ARCHITECTURE01-ARCHITECTURE01_437.html
Bhro, M., Kadave, P., Bhor, A., Bhro, S., Bhosale, M. & Bholay, A. D. (2013). Water quality assessment of the river godavari, at Ramkund, Nashik, (Maharashtra), India. International Journal Engineering Science, 2(2), 64-68.
Biglarijoo, N., Mirbagheri, S. A., Bagheri, M. & Ehteshami, M. (2017). Assessment of effective parameters in landfill leachate treatment and optimization of the process using neural network, genetic algorithm and response surface methodology. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 106, 89-103.
Boluwade, A. & Madramootoo C. A. (2013). Assessment of uncertainty in soil test  phosphorus using kriging techniques and sequential Gaussian simulation: implications for water quality management in southern Quebec. Water Quality Research Journal Nov 2013, 48 (4) 344-357.
Bottino, F., Ferraz, I. C., Mendiondo, E. M. & Carmo Calijuri, M. (2011). Calibration of QUAL2K model in Brazilian micro watershed: effects of the land use on water quality. Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia, 22(4), 474-485.
Brethour, J. & Burnham, J. (2010). Modeling sediment erosion and deposition with the FLOW-3D sedimentation & scour model.
Burton, T. M. & Tiner, R. W. (2009). Ecology of wetlands, In: Likens G.E. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Inland waters. Elsevier, Inc, Amsterdam, pp. 507–515.
Dorostkar, A. & Etemad-Shahidi, A. (2005). A Two-Dimensional laterally averaged model for lakes, reservoirs and estuaries. Sixth International Conference on Coasts, Ports and Offshore, Ports & Shipping, Tehran, Iran. http://www.civilica.com/Paper-ICOPMAS06-ICOPMAS06_019.html
European Directive 80/778/EEC. Human consumption water quality.
Forsythe, K. W., Paudel, K. & Marvin, C. H. (2010). Geospatial analysis of zinc contamination in lake Ontario Sediments. Environmental Informatics 16(1), 1-10.
Haji, A. H., Mirbagheri, S. A. & Javid, A. H. (2013). A wavelet support vector machine combination model for daily suspended sediment forecasting. International Journal of Engineering Transfer (IEJ), 27(6), 855.
Hasani Pak, A. A. (2013). Geostatistical. Tehran University Published, p. 76.
JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency), (2012). Zoning plan in the Anzali wetland, Anzali wetland ecological management project in Islamic Republic of Iran. Report number: 2, p. 95.
Johnston, K., VerHoef, J. M., Krivoruchko, K. & Lccas, N. (2001). Using ArcGIS Geostatistical Analyst. New Yourk, USA.
Jones, K. 2008 Monitoring and assessment of wetlands using Earth Observation. Journal of Environmental Management. Article in press.
Kazemi, S. M. & Hosseini, S. M. (2011). Comparison of spatial interpolation methods for estimating heavy metals in sediments of Caspian Sea. Expert Systems with Applications 38, 1632–1649.
Mahjoob, A. & Ghiassi, R. (2011). Application of a coupling algorithm for the simulation of flow and pollution in open channels. World Application Scientific Journal, 12(4), 446-459.
Majnonian, H. (2003). Classified and protected wetlands, value and functions. Department of the Environment Iran, p. 24.
Meteorological Organization,  (2012). Synoptic station of Anzali port, the obtained data of 2000-2012.  
Miller, J. J., Bremer, E., Curtis, T. & Chanasyk, D. S. (2017). An assessment of nutrient dynamics   in streambank soils of the lower little bow river in southern Alberta using ion exchange membranes. Water Quality Research Journal, Available Online 3 July 2017, wqrjc2017007; DOI: 10.2166/wqrj.2017.007
Mirbagheri, S. A. & Tanji, K. K. (1981). Sediment characterization and transport modeling in Colusa Drain, California. University of California at Davis. Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources.
Mirbagheri, S. A., Tanji, K. K. & Krone, R. B. (1988). Simulation of suspended sediment in Colusa Basin Drain, California.  Journal Environment, ENG-ASCE, 114(6), 1275-1294.
Mirbagheri, S. A. & Hashemi, S. A. H. (2008). Nutrient transport model in Chah nimeh   manmade reservoir. Proceedings of the 8th conference on systems theory and scientific.
Mirbagheri, S. A., Nouri, J., Farokhian, F. & Jafarzadeh, N. (2010). Water quality variability and eutrophic state in wet and dry years in wetlands of the semiarid and arid regions.  Environment Earth Science, 59(7), 1397-1407.
Mirbagheri, S. A., Mahmodi, S. & Khezri, S. M. (2011). Simulation modeling of nitrogen and phosphorous change in Chalous river. Journal Civil  Environment Engineering (University of Tabriz), 40(3), 47-59 (In Persian).
Mirbagheri, S. A., Sadrnejad, S. A. & Hashemi, M. S. A. (2012).  Phytoplankton and zooplankton modeling of Pishin Reservoir by means of an advection-diffusion drought model. International Journal Environment Resource (IJER), 6(1), 2012.
Mirbagheri, S. A., Ahmadi, S. & Biglari-Joo, N. (2016a). Denitrification of nitrate-contaminated groundwater in an anoxic rotating biological contactor: a case study. Desalination and Water Treatment 57 (10), 4694-4700.
Mirbagheri, S. A., Avili, F. G. & Javid,  A. H. (2016b). Modeling arsenic transport in soil column and ground water. BULGARIAN CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS 48, 199-204.
Mitsch, W. J. & Gosselink, J. G. (2007). Wetlands. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, NewYork, pp. 582.
Mohamadi Golafshani, N., Mosavi, A. & Bostani, F. (2012). Pollution of river water quality management using simulated by mathematical models wasp (Case Study: Talar rivers). The first national conference on environmental protection and planning, Hamedan, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan. Available from http://www.civilica.com/Paper-NATURE01-NATURE01_812.html
Mohamadzadeh, G. M. & Namin M. M. (2005). Simulation of free surface flows by Projection Method. Iranian Hydraulic Conference, Shahid Bahonar Kerman University, Kerman, Iran.
Muhammetoglu, A. & Soyupak, S. (2000). A three-dimensional water quality-macrophyte interaction model for shallow lakes. Ecology Modell. 133, 161-180.
Naseri, S. &  Ghaneian, M. T. (2004). Quality management lakes and tributary rivers. Nas Publishers, One Edition.
OECD, Vollenweider, R. A. & Kerekes, J. (1982). Eutrophication of waters. Monitoring, assessment and control. OECD Cooperative programme on monitoring of inland waters (Eutrophication control), Environment Directorate, Paris, p. 154.
Ouyang, Y., Nkedi-Kizza, P., Wu, Q. T., Shinde, D. & Huang, C. H. (2006). Assessment of seasonal variations in surface water quality. Water Resource, 40(20), 3800-3810 (In Persian).
Sabbagh-Yazdi, S. R., Mastorakis, N. E. & Hosseini-Gelekolai, S. M. (2008). Comparing central and upwind flux averaging schemes of overlapping finite volume method for simulation of spillway flow with shock waves, International Journal of Computers, 2 (1), 23-31.
Salmani, M. H. & Salmani Jajaei, E. (2016). Forecasting models for flow and total dissolved solids in Karoun river-Iran. Hydrology 535, 148–159.
Seng Lung, W. (2001). Water quality modeling for waste lode allocations and TMDLS. Published simultaneously in Canada.
Shoaei, S. M., Mirbagheri, S. A. & Zamani, A. (2018). Seasonal variation of dissolved heavy metals in the reservoir of Shahid Rajaee Dam, Sari, Iran.  Desalination and Water Treatment, 56(12), 3368-3379.
Shokri, S., Hoshmand, E. A. & Moazed , H. (2015). Investigation of chemical water quality Gargar river by graphical methods and multivariate statistical analysis. Journal of Lagoon ecobiology, 3(20), 19-33 (In Persian).
Viera, S. R., Rielson, D. R. & Biggar, J.W. (1983). Geostatistical theory and application to variability of some agronormical properties. Hilgardia 51(3), 1–75.
Yang, X. D., Ma, H. Y. & Huang, Y. N. (2005). Prediction of homogeneous shear flow and a backward-facing step flow some linear and non-linear K-e turbulence models. Communications in Nonlinear Science and numerical Simulation 10, 315-328.
Zarrati, A. R., Tamai, N., Islam, G. M. T. & Huang, G. (2001). Prediction of water surface elevation in a channel with continuous bends. Proceedings of 29th IAHR Congress, Beijing, China, 95-104.
Zebardast, L. & Jafari, H. R. (2012). Evaluation process changes in Anzali wetland using remote sensing and providing management solution. Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 37, No. 57, pp. 57-64.